Pain is an integral part of our lives. Although the effect of ‘control’ on sensed pain has been extensively studied and discussed, recent findings seem to be at odds with the substantial evidence for a robust motor-based sensory attenuation effect – an indirect marker for one's sense of agency. The goal of the current study was to re-examine whether there is evidence for such an effect in the context of pain. In three experiments, human participants were aversively stimulated and the sensitivity of self-reported pain to factors previously shown to modulate the sensory attenuation effect was tested (control over parameters of the stimulation; temporal contiguity and predictability, and stimulation intensity). Two of three experiments found some evidence that objective control attenuates pain, but only when the painful stimulation immediately follows the motor response. We discuss the complex relations between having objective control, feeling helpless, predictability and sensed pain.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by The Israel Science Foundation ( ISF ) grant number 339/16 and The Bi-national Science Foundation grant number 2016299 to B.E.
© 2017 Elsevier Inc.
- Comparator model
- Sense of agency
- Sensory attenuation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
- Developmental and Educational Psychology