Evidence-based disparities: Examining the gap between health expectations and experiences

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Context In a time of economic austerity, one of the most daunting questions is who decides on healthcare rationing? In the current study, we sought to examine if the public can in fact provide meaningful information regarding healthcare policy issues. Based on theories of public policy, this paper tries to find out if patients behave akin to 'responsible citizens' and can provide differentiated expectations between three healthcare dimensions. Methods One thousand two-hundred eleven individuals participated in a telephone interview. Participants were asked two series of questions, one regarding their views on the primary care, prevention and promotion practices they experience with their healthcare provider and one regarding the importance of these practices to them. We calculated a difference score representing the gap in each healthcare dimension. Findings In all three healthcare dimensions, the mean gap is in the positive side of the axis indicating that the public does not receive what it expects to receive, or in policy terms there is 'a responsiveness deficit'. The mean gap in relation to primary care is significantly lower than the mean gap in both preventive care and health promotion. Conclusions The public can provide meaningful information even in areas of endless demand and can provide an addition point of view to be considered by policy makers in complicated healthcare rationing decisions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)593-601
Number of pages9
JournalHealth Expectations
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2014


  • Health policy
  • Healthcare dimensions
  • Responsivness gap

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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