Even priceless has to have a number: congregational halo effect

Ram A. Cnaan, Seongho An

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The value that religious congregations provide to their urban communities was never challenged yet never fully assessed. Using the methodology of valuation, we attempted to provide a monetary value to the contributions of such congregations. We divided the studied contributions to six key area and discuss the meaning of each such contribution. Based on empirical work in three US cities (N = 90), we assess the monetary value of these congregations to their respective urban ecologies. Using variety of methods, we assess that such annual per congregation contribution spanned between $1,269,780 and $2,511,376. We then, analyze what is any of the congregational characteristics explain overall contribution as well within the six main categories. We also discuss area not studied in which congregations support their communities, discuss our limitations, and offer directions for new research as well as policy implications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)64-81
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Management, Spirituality and Religion
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Association of Management, Spirituality & Religion.


  • Valuation
  • community
  • congregations
  • economic assessment
  • fiscal value
  • religion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Religious studies
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Strategy and Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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