Evaluation of marker-assisted selection for the stripe rust resistance gene Yr15, introgressed from wild emmer wheat

Elitsur Yaniv, Dina Raats, Yefim Ronin, Abraham B. Korol, Adriana Grama, Harbans Bariana, Jorge Dubcovsky, Alan H. Schulman, Tzion Fahima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Stripe rust disease is caused by the fungus Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici and severely threatens wheat worldwide, repeatedly breaking resistance conferred by resistance genes and evolving more aggressive strains. Wild emmer wheat, Triticum dicoccoides, is an important source for novel stripe rust resistance (Yr) genes. Yr15, a major gene located on chromosome 1BS of T. dicoccoides, was previously reported to confer resistance to a broad spectrum of stripe rust isolates, at both seedling and adult plant stages. Introgressions of Yr15 into cultivated T. aestivum bread wheat and T. durum pasta wheat that began in the 1980s are widely used. In the present study, we aimed to validate SSR markers from the Yr15 region as efficient tools for marker-assisted selection (MAS) for introgression of Yr15 into wheat and to compare the outcome of gene introgression by MAS and by conventional phenotypic selection. Our findings establish the validity of MAS for introgression of Yr15 into wheat. We show that the size of the introgressed segment, defined by flanking markers, varies for both phenotypic selection and MAS. The genetic distance of the MAS marker from Yr15 and the number of backcross steps were the main factors affecting the length of the introgressed donor segments. Markers Xbarc8 and Xgwm493, which are the nearest flanking markers studied, were consistent and polymorphic in all 34 introgressions reported here and are therefore the most recommended markers for the introgression of Yr15 into wheat cultivars. Introgression directed by markers, rather than by phenotype, will facilitate simultaneous selection for multiple stripe rust resistant genes and will help to avoid escapees during the selection process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular Breeding
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

Keywords

  • Linkage drag
  • Marker-assisted selection (MAS)
  • Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici
  • Simple sequence repeats (SSRs)
  • Triticum aestivum
  • Triticum dicoccoides
  • Triticum durum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Biotechnology
  • Plant Science

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