# Equivalences and the complete hierarchy of intersection graphs of paths in a tree

Martin Charles Golumbic, Marina Lipshteyn, Michal Stern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

## Abstract

An (h, s, t)-representation of a graph G consists of a collection of subtrees of a tree T, where each subtree corresponds to a vertex in G, such that (i) the maximum degree of T is at most h, (ii) every subtree has maximum degree at most s, (iii) there is an edge between two vertices in the graph G if and only if the corresponding subtrees have at least t vertices in common in T. The class of graphs that have an (h, s, t)-representation is denoted by [h, s, t]. It is well known that the class of chordal graphs corresponds to the class [3, 3, 1]. Moreover, it was proved by Jamison and Mulder that chordal graphs correspond to orthodox-[3, 3, 1] graphs defined below. In this paper, we investigate the class of [h, 2, t] graphs, i.e., the intersection graphs of paths in a tree. The [h, 2, 1] graphs are also known as path graphs [F. Gavril, A recognition algorithm for the intersection graphs of paths in trees, Discrete Math. 23 (1978) 211-227] or VPT graphs [M.C. Golumbic, R.E. Jamison, Edge and vertex intersection of paths in a tree, Discrete Math. 55 (1985) 151-159], and [h, 2, 2] graphs are known as the EPT graphs. We consider variations of [h, 2, t] by three main parameters: h, t and whether the graph has an orthodox representation. We give the complete hierarchy of relationships between the classes of weakly chordal, chordal, [h, 2, t] and orthodox-[h, 2, t] graphs for varied values of h and t.

Original language English 3203-3215 13 Discrete Applied Mathematics 156 17 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dam.2008.05.019 Published - 28 Oct 2008

## Keywords

• Chordal graphs
• Intersection graphs
• Paths of a tree
• Weakly chordal graphs

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

• Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics
• Applied Mathematics

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