End-stage renal disease and chronic kidney disease in a cohort of African-American HIV-infected and at-risk HIV-seronegative participants followed between 1988 and 2004

Gregory M. Lucas, Shruti H. Mehta, Mohamed G. Atta, Gregory D. Kirk, Noya Galai, David Vlahov, Richard D. Moore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


BACKGROUND: HIV-infected African-Americans are at increased risk of end-stage renal disease requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT). OBJECTIVES: To compare the incidence of RRT in HIV-infected and HIV-seronegative African-Americans and describe temporal trends in RRT and chronic kidney disease (CKD) in HIV infection. DESIGN: Cohort study in Baltimore including 4509 HIV-infected and 1746 HIV-seronegative African-Americans. METHODS: Incident RRT was defined by matching participant identifiers with the US Renal Data System; CKD was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate < 60 ml/min per 1.73m for ≥ 3 months. Standardized incidence ratios (SIR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated by indirect adjustment. Risk factors for RRT were assessed by person-time methods and Poisson regression. RESULTS: RRT was initiated in 24 HIV-seronegative subjects over 13 415 person-years of follow-up (SIR, 2.3; 95% CI, 1.5-3.4), in 51 HIV-infected participants without AIDS over 10 780 person-years (SIR, 6.9; 95% CI, 5.1-9.0), and in 125 participants with AIDS over 9833 person-years. SIR, 16.1; 95% CI, 13.4-19.2). In HIV-infected African-Americans, RRT incidences were 5.8 and 9.7/1000 person-years in the pre-HAART and HAART eras, respectively (adjusted rate ratio 1.2; 95% CI, 0.8-1.9). In supplementary analyses, CKD incidence declined significantly in the HAART era compared with pre-HAART, but the CKD period prevalence increased. CONCLUSIONS: Nearly 1% of HIV-infected African-Americans initiated RRT annually, a rate that was similar in the HAART and pre-HAART eras. While new cases of CKD decreased, the prevalence of CKD increased in the HAART era, primarily because survival in those with HIV-associated CKD has improved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2435-2443
Number of pages9
Issue number18
StatePublished - Dec 2007


  • Antiretroviral therapy
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Cohort study
  • End-stage renal disease
  • HIV infection
  • Renal replacement therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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