Objectives: Over the past decade, the idea has been promoted that intelligent assistive technology (IAT) can empower people with dementia. As a new area of inquiry, however, the concept of empowerment and the impact of IAT in this context are still unclear. Therefore, we conducted a scoping review to examine the conceptualizing and measuring of empowerment, as well as to understand the impact of IAT on empowering people with dementia in the existing studies. Design: A scoping review was performed in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, using the following databases: Pubmed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and Science Direct. In addition, a manual search was also conducted in Google Scholar to identify further articles. Results: A total of 28 articles examining the empowerment of people with dementia via IAT met the inclusion criteria. Most had a cross-sectional (43%) or interventional/experimental design (39%). A little more than half (54%) were qualitative studies. We observed inconsistencies in the conceptualization and measurement of the concept of empowerment in the included studies; as such, the exact role of IAT in this context remains somewhat unclear. However, most of the studies suggest that IAT can empower people with mild/moderate dementia by enhancing their capacity to live more independently with privacy for a longer period of time. Conclusions: Future research should focus on developing a clear definition of the concept of empowerment, as well as developing a reliable and valid tool for measuring it.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The current study was carried out within the ongoing BMBF research project “Ethical and Social Issues of Co-intelligent Monitoring and Assistive Technologies in Dementia Care (EIDEC).” This work was supported by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) 01GP1901 (January 2020 - December 2022). Hanan AboJabel funded by Minerva Stiftung Post-Doctoral Fellowship (November 2020-December 2022). We thank Prof. Silke Schicktanz, Department of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine, University Medical Center Göttingen in Germany, for initiation of this study and general guidance in writing this article. In addition, we thank Julia Perry and Tobias Weidner, Department of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine, University Medical Center Göttingen in Germany, for their assistance in the search process.
© 2022 Elsevier B.V.
- intelligent assistive technology
- scoping review
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health(social science)
- Geriatrics and Gerontology