Emotional Status and Quality of Life in Women With ADHD During COVID-19

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


COVID-19 affects emotional status and quality of life (QOL) as reported in various countries. Less is known about the relations between gender, emotional status, and QOL in vulnerable groups. The objectives of this study are to compare emotional status and QOL between women with and without ADHD, during COVID-19, to correlate between emotional status, daily life, and QOL of women with ADHD, and to predict their QOL by COVID-19 constraints and emotional status. This cross-sectional online survey included 46 with ADHD and 183 typically functioning women, aged 19 to 60, who completed the sociodemographic health and daily life during COVID-19 questionnaires; the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale – 21, and the WHOQOL-BREF. Women with ADHD had significantly higher stress and anxiety and lower physical and psychological QOL. Emotional status and daily constraints predicted their QOL. COVID-19 emotional impacts should receive greater attention in vulnerable groups, as women with ADHD, to enhance resilience, participation, and QOL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-227
Number of pages9
JournalOTJR Occupation, Participation and Health
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2022.


  • activities of daily living
  • health-related quality of life
  • occupational performance
  • COVID-19
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Humans
  • Female
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/psychology
  • Quality of Life/psychology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Occupational Therapy


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