Objective To investigate the neurophysiological manifestations of the mechanism underlying the effects of Mirror Visual Feedback (MVF) during manual movement. Method Thirteen healthy right handed individuals were assessed while performing repeated unilateral wrist extension movements with and without MVF. The effect of MVF on EEG oscillations was studied in 3 distinct frequency ranges (low mu, high mu, low beta). Results Analysis of the low beta range showed that MVF reduces the magnitude of event-related de-synchronization (ERD) in the hemisphere contra-lateral to the moving hand. This effect reached significance when the moving hand was the dominant hand. In the analysis of the low mu range, bi-hemispheric amplification of ERD by the mirror pointed to an added effect of neural recruitment. This effect reached significance when the moving hand was the non-dominant hand. Conclusions MVF applied during unilateral manual movement (a) attenuates hemispheric activation asymmetry, and (b) is likely to involve recruitment of the mirror neuron system. Significance As each of the above two effects reached significance only in one hand (dominant and non-dominant, respectively), clinical application of MVF might show a different level of efficacy in the treatment of right and left hemiparesis.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research project was carried out by the first author in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the PhD degree at the Social Welfare and Health Sciences Faculty—Haifa University , under the supervision of Hillel Pratt, Ruth Dickstein and Nachum Soroker. We wish to thank the participants for their cooperation in the experiment.
© 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
- Event-related de-synchronization
- Inter-hemispheric dynamics
- Mirror neuron system
- Mirror visual feedback
- Stroke rehabilitation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Neuroscience (all)
- Molecular Biology
- Clinical Neurology
- Developmental Biology