The ejection fraction (EF) of the left ventricle was measured by radionudide ventriculography In 64 patients during an acute cerebrovascuiar accident. Sixteen patients (12 with coronary artery disease) died within two weeks of the onset of symptoms and had only one EF measurement. In the remaining 48 patients, the EF was also measured two weeks and three months after the acute event. The ejection fraction of the patient who died soon after the acute stroke (52 ± 18) was significantly lower than that of the patients who survived (64 ± 10) (p < 0.01). Of the patients who survived, 28 without history of coronary disease had an EF of 67 ± 10 during the acute event. It was significantly higher than that measured after two weeks (60 ± 10) p < 0.01). In 10 patients with history of chronic stable angina pectoris, the EF (59 ± 10) was significantly lower hi the first study compared to that measured hi the second (69 ± 10) (p < 0.02). Ten patients with no evidence of ischemia but with a history of myocardial infarction had a higher EF (61 ±11) during the first study as compared to the second (51 ± 11) (p < 0.05). In all patients there was no significant difference in the EF measurements between the second and the third study. It is suggested that the EF response of the left ventride of the heart to the acute cerebrovascuiar accident is similar to that observed In a stress test. Lowering of the EF during the acute cerebrovascuiar accident in patients with ischemia may be the explanation for the deleterious effect that stroke sometimes has on the heart. Low ejection fraction appears to be a significant risk factor for death soon after stroke.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Advanced and Specialized Nursing