Effect of geniohyoid, cricothyroid andsternothyroid muscle stimulation on voicefundamental frequency of electricallyelicited phonation in rhesus macaque

Shimon Sapir, Cybil Campbell, Charles Larson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Vocalizations were elicited in three anesthetized rhesus macaques by electrical stimulation of a site in the brain stem. At the same time, the laryngeal muscles — cricothyroid (CT), geniohyoid (GH) and sternothyroid (ST) — were electrically stimulated to assess their effect on the elicited phonation. Analysis of the recorded vocalizations indicated that stimulation of each of the muscles produced a substantial increase in the voice fundamental frequency (Fo), with the CT muscle causing the greatest Fo increase. Maximum elevation in Fo was obtained when the CT muscle was stimulated simultaneously with the GH or ST muscles. Changes in Fo were typically accompanied by changes in voice quality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)457-468
Number of pages12
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1981

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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