The timing of cholecystectomy in acute cholecystitis is still controversial. A marked change toward early surgery has been noted in the past decade. In a retrospective study of 197 patients we evaluated the results of cholecystectomy in 117 who underwent elective cholecystectomy, and in 80 operated on during the acute phase of cholecystitis. The diagnosis of acute cholecystitis was by isotope scan (HIDA) or ultrasound. There was no case of misdiagnosis. 3 patients died postoperatively: 2 in the early operation group (1 had emergency cholecystectomy) and 1 in the elective group. Postoperative complications were more frequent in the early surgery group (p = 0.06). The highest morbidity was in early cholecystectomy in those older than 60 years who had cardiovascular disease (p less than 0.0002). Hernia in the scar was a unique complication of the early operation. According to most studies reviewed, early operation eliminates the need for emergency operation when conservative treatment fails, without increasing morbidity or mortality. Therefore, early operation during the acute phase of cholecystectomy is advised. For patients older than 60 years who have cardiovascular disease, we recommend delaying surgery until the acute inflammation subsides. The waiting period before surgery should be as short as possible in order to reduce the risk of recurrent cholecystitis and its complications.
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - 15 Mar 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (all)