Research on prehistoric mainland Southeast Asia is dominated by mortuary contexts, leaving processes such as the transition to sedentism relatively understudied. Recent excavations in southern Vietnam, however, have recovered new evidence for settlement. The authors report on investigations at the neolithic site of Loc Giang (3980-3270 cal BP) in southern Vietnam, where excavation revealed a vertical sequence of more than 30 surfaces. Microarchaeological analyses indicate that these features are carefully prepared lime mortar floors; the lime was probably produced from burnt shell. The floors date to between 3510 and 3150 cal BP, providing the earliest-known evidence for the use of lime mortar, and for durable settlement construction, in this region.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was funded by an Australian Government Research Training Program Scholarship (2015–2018). The 2014 excavation of Loc Giang was funded by the ARC Grant DP140100384.
Copyright © The Author(s), 2022. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of Antiquity Publications Ltd.
- floor construction
- lime mortar
- sedentary transition
- Southeast Asia
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Arts and Humanities (all)