Early and Concurrent Features of ADHD and Sensory Over-Responsivity Symptom Clusters

Ayelet Ben-Sasson, Timothy W. Soto, Amy E. Heberle, Alice S. Carter, Margaret J. Briggs-Gowan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: This study aimed to characterize clusters of children based on ADHD and sensory over-responsivity (SOR) symptoms, and to compare their markers. Method: Parents of 922 infants completed the Infant–Toddler Social and Emotional Assessment (ITSEA) Sensory Sensitivity, Attention, and Activity/Impulsivity scales at three time points during early childhood and the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and SensOR inventory during elementary school age. Results: Four school-age clusters emerged from the CBCL ADHD and SensOR scores: (a) elevated SOR symptoms only (n = 35); (b) elevated ADHD symptoms only (n = 38); (c) elevated ADHD and SOR symptoms (ADHD + S, n = 35); and (d) low ADHD and SOR symptoms (n = 814). The SOR and ADHD + S clusters had higher early Sensitivity scores than the ADHD and Low clusters. The ADHD and ADHD + S clusters differed from the SOR and Low clusters in their early Attention and Activity/Impulsivity scores. Conclusion: SOR and ADHD symptoms occur independently and consistently over time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)835-845
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Attention Disorders
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014, © The Author(s) 2014.


  • ADHD
  • attention
  • children
  • cluster analysis
  • sensory over-responsivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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