Dynamic capabilities: interrelations and distinct effects on performance in low and high competitive intensity environments

Amiram Markovich, Kalanit Efrat, Daphne R. Raban

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: This study aims to augment the understanding of dynamic capabilities (DCs) by exploring the interrelations among the DC categories (sensing, seizing, reconfiguring) and the distinct impact of each DC on firm performance under low and high levels of competitive intensity. Design/methodology/approach: The analysis is based on a cross-sectional survey of 139 managers in Israel. The data were collected through Web-based questionnaires using the Qualtrics software. A two-stage data analysis was performed using structural equation modeling (SEM). Findings: The findings indicate that DCs follow a sequence in which sensing drives seizing, which, in turn, enhances reconfiguring. The effects of sensing are mainly manifested through its direct impact on seizing, with no evidence for an impact of sensing on company performance. Moreover, under low competitive intensity, only seizing appears to impact performance, while under high competitive intensity, reconfiguring joins seizing in improving firm performance. Originality/value: The study's findings advance the debate on the direct vs sequential nature of DCs by indicating an internal DC sequence. Our research also advocates for a crucial role of sensing in enhancing DCs, regardless of the level of competitive intensity. Furthermore, this research expands the understanding of the consequences of DCs and enables the prioritization of DC categories under low and high competitive intensity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)539-563
Number of pages25
JournalBaltic Journal of Management
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited.


  • Customer satisfaction
  • Dynamic capabilities
  • Environmental uncertainty
  • Financial performance
  • Reconfiguring
  • Seizing
  • Sensing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Strategy and Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Marketing
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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