Duration of the second stage of labour and risk of subsequent spontaneous preterm birth

Geffen Kleinstern, Roy Zigron, Shay Porat, Joshua I. Rosenbloom, Misgav Rottenstreich, Yishay Sompolinsky, Amihai Rottenstreich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: To determine the risk of spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB) associated with the length of second stage of labour in the first term delivery. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: University hospital. Population: Women with first two consecutive singleton births and the first birth at term. Those who did not reach the second stage of labour in the first delivery were excluded. Methods: Charts from 2007 to 2019 were reviewed. Main outcome measures: Rate of sPTB (<37 weeks of gestation) in the second delivery. Results: Of 13 958 women who met study inclusion criteria, 1464 (10.5%) parturients had a prolonged second stage (≥180 min) in their first term delivery. The rate of sPTB in the second delivery was similar in those with and without a prolonged second stage in first delivery (2.8% versus 2.8%; adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 1.35, 95% CI 0.96–1.90). After adjustment for mode of delivery, prolonged second stage was also not associated with subsequent sPTB in those who delivered by spontaneous and operative vaginal delivery. Those delivered by second-stage caesarean section in the first delivery had a higher risk of sPTB in the second delivery (25/526, 4.8%; aOR 2.66, 95% CI 1.71–4.12; p < 0.001), with a more pronounced risk in those with second-stage caesarean following a prolonged second stage of labour (15/259, 5.8%; aOR 3.40, 95% CI 1.94–5.94; p < 0.001). Conclusion: Second-stage duration in a first term vaginal delivery is not associated with subsequent sPTB. The risk of sPTB is increased following second-stage caesarean section, particularly if performed after a prolonged second stage. Tweetable abstract: Second-stage caesarean delivery, particularly after prolonged second stage, increases the risk of preterm birth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1743-1749
Number of pages7
JournalBJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Issue number10
StatePublished - Sep 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


  • Cesarean Section/adverse effects
  • Delivery, Obstetric/adverse effects
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Labor Stage, Second
  • Pregnancy
  • Premature Birth/epidemiology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Time Factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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