Duality, area-considerations, and the Kalai–Smorodinsky solution

Emin Karagözoğlu, Shiran Rachmilevitch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We introduce a new solution concept for 2-person bargaining problems, which can be considered as the dual of the Equal-Area solution (EA) (see Anbarcı and Bigelow (1994)). Hence, we call it the Dual Equal-Area solution (DEA). We show that the point selected by the Kalai–Smorodinsky solution (see Kalai and Smorodinsky (1975)) lies in between those that are selected by EA and DEA. We formulate an axiom–area-based fairness–and offer three characterizations of the Kalai–Smorodinsky solution in which this axiom plays a central role.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-33
Number of pages4
JournalOperations Research Letters
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier B.V.


  • Axioms
  • Bargaining problem
  • Dual bargaining problem
  • Egalitarianism
  • Equal-area solution
  • Kalai–Smorodinsky solution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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