Does International Tourism Affect Transnational Terrorism?

Ogen S. Goldman, Michal Neubauer-Shani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Studies focusing on the relationship between transnational terrorism and tourism examine the effect of terror on tourism, while this study looks at a different question: does international tourism affect transnational terrorism? We hypothesized that the higher the number of international tourist arrivals to a country, the higher the number of terror attacks, and examined this effect from four distinct aspects: perpetration by foreign attackers against local victims, perpetration by local attackers against foreign victims, perpetration by foreign attackers against foreign victims, and perpetration of terror attacks against foreign private parties. We conclude that there is an inverse U relationship between number of arrivals and number of attacks perpetrated by foreigners, and also a robust significant relationship between number of arrivals to a country and terror attacks in which both the attacker and the victim are foreigners. However, it is not unequivocal whether this is a positive linear or an inverse U relationship.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)451-467
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Travel Research
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016, © The Author(s) 2016.


  • international
  • terror attacks
  • terrorism
  • tourism
  • transnational

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Transportation
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


Dive into the research topics of 'Does International Tourism Affect Transnational Terrorism?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this