Do i shoot faster because i am thinking about an outgroup or a threatening outgroup? Shooter bias, perceived threat, and intergroup processes

Jessica Mange, Keren Sharvit, Nicolas Margas, Cécile Sénémeaud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This research examines if aggressive responses through a shooter bias are systematically generated by priming outgroups or if a threat stereotypically associated with the primed outgroup is required. First, a pilot study identified outgroups stereotypically associated and not associated with threat. Afterwards, the main study included a manipulation of target group accessibility - ingroup versus nonthreatening outgroup versus threatening outgroup. Following exposure to primes of the group categories, the participants in all conditions played a shooter game in which the targets were males and females with ambiguous ethnicity and religion. Results demonstrated that while only priming of an outgroup stereotypically associated with threat elicits aggressive responses, priming of both nonthreatening and threatening outgroups leads to an increase in the ability to distinguish between stimuli compared to ingroup priming. These effects are discussed in terms of priming effects, dimensions of threat, and possible interpretations of this ability increase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-37
Number of pages9
JournalSocial Psychology
Volume47
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Hogrefe Publishing.

Keywords

  • Aggressive responses
  • Perceived threat
  • Shooter paradigm
  • Social categories priming

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Psychology (all)

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