Distribution of verbal and physical violence for same and opposite genders among adolescents

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The present study was set up to test the perceived distribution of verbal and physical violent behaviors among same- and opposite-genders. More specifically, those perceived violent behaviors are examined as the outcome of adolescents' cost-risk goals. The study assumes two conflicting social goals: Whereas the goal of risk reduction may motivate withdrawal from conflict, and decrease the prevalence of violent events, the goal of pursuing social status may motivate initiation and/or retaliation, thus increasing the prevalence of violence. The study is based on a sample of 155 high-school students that recorded the frequency of observing violent events in their peer group over a one-week period. Findings demonstrate that for males, opponent gender had a primary effect on violence distribution. Males exhibited violence against males more frequently than against females. This result is consistent with the assumption that males set a higher priority to pursuing social status. For females, verbal violence was more frequent than physical forms of aggression. This is consistent with the assumption that females set a higher priority on avoiding risk. These results are discussed from an evolutionary cost-risk perspective.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)272-280
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Men's Health
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2008


  • Distribution of violence
  • Gender differences
  • Goal driven aggression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


Dive into the research topics of 'Distribution of verbal and physical violence for same and opposite genders among adolescents'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this