The effects of a nonionic detergent and of crude oil-detergent mixtures in aqueous solutions on the allozyme frequencies of phosphoglucose isomerase (Pgi) genotypes were tested in the Mediterranean marine gastropods Monodonta turbinata and M. turbiformis. Our results indicate differential survivorship of electrophoretical Pgi allozyme genotypes for both detergent alone and for crude oil-detergent mixtures. These results reflect the adaptive nature of some Pgi genotypes in these marine gastropods and seem inconsistent with the neutral theory of allozyme polymorphisms. Furthermore, these findings suggest that allozyme variants demonstrate a differential tolerance to these organic pollutants and can, therefore, be used as detectors of organic pollutants in the sea.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank S. Simson for technical assistance, and A. Beiles, E. Golenberg, D. Adler, and R. Ben- Shlomo for reading and commenting on the manuscript. This research was conducted by a grant of UNEP/FAO in the framework of the MED POL project.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Environmental Science