Differences in the meaning of work in Israel: Workers in high-tech versus traditional work industries

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This study compared employees in high-tech and traditional industries in regard to their meaning of work, using a representative sample of high-tech workers (n=461) and a representative sample of the work force from a traditional industry (n=942). Findings revealed differences between the workers in the two sectors. Employees in high-tech industry perceived work as more central and exhibited a more expressive orientation, whereas employees in the traditional industry primarily displayed an instrumental orientation. Some implications for organizations and human resources are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-182
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of High Technology Management Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2004

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was carried out with the aid of a grant by the US–Israel Binational Science Foundation and with the support of the Center for the Study of Organizations and Human Resource Management at the University of Haifa. The authors contributed equally to the writing of this paper. We wish to thank Avraham Ben-Shalom for his help in the collection of data from the high-sector, Mira Hite for her ideas and contributions, and Vered Petrer-Alon and Sharon Woodrow for editing.


  • Expressive orientation
  • High-tech
  • Instrumental orientation
  • Meaning of work
  • Traditional work
  • Work centrality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Strategy and Management
  • Information Systems and Management
  • Marketing
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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