A survey of knowledge, beliefs, and behavior relating to AIDS was carried out among 781, 18-19 year-old military recruits in Israel (348 males and 433 females) in November 1988. Although general knowledge of the disease was reasonably good there were misconceptions about the transmission and prevention of AIDS. Males had a better general knowledge of the disease; females were more knowledgeable about ways of avoiding infection. Knowledge of AIDS was positively related to previous intercourse, although this was more marked among females. In order to ensure that both males and females are equally knowledgeable about the modes of behavior necessary for avoiding exposure to the AIDS virus educational campaigns should place greater emphasis on practical information regarding prevention of the disease rather than on general aspects.
- Gender differences
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health