Dietary soya lecithin decreases plasma triglyceride levels and inhibits collagen- and ADP-induced platelet aggregation

J. Gerald Brook, Shai Linn, Michael Aviram

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Elevated plasma lipid concentrations and increased platelet activation are risk factors in the development of atherosclerosis. Nine patients with type IIa hyperlipoproteinemia and nine patients with type IV hyperlipoproteinemia were given soya lecithin, 12g/day, for 3 months. Plasma cholesterol and triglycerides were reduced by 15 and 23%, respectively, and HDL-cholesterol increased by 16% in the hypercholesterolemic patients. Platelet function was unchanged. In the hypertriglyceridemic patients, total cholesterol fell by 18%, triglycerides by 36%, and HDL-cholesterol increased by 14%. There was a 27% reduction in platelet aggregation (P < 0.01). Seventeen hypertriglyceridemic patients then received increasing doses of soya lecithin for 1-month periods (6, 12, and 18 g/day). The optimal lipoprotein-lowering effect was achieved with a daily dose of 12 g soya lecithin per day. Both low-density lipoprotein and very-low-density lipoprotein levels were reduced, and HDL-cholesterol and apolipoprotein levels were reduced, and HDL-cholesterol and apolipoprotein A-I concentrations were increased. Platelet aggregation in response to collagen and ADP was significantly reduced, parallel with the reduction in triglyceride level. Soya lecithin supplementing the diet may be useful in the management of the hypertriglyceridemic patient.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-39
Number of pages9
JournalBiochemical Medicine and Metabolic Biology
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1986
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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