Developmental course(s) of lifetime cigarette use and panic attack comorbidity: An equifinal phenomenon?

Amit Bernstein, Michael J. Zvolensky, Norman B. Schmidt, Natalie Sachs-Ericcson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The present investigation examined the developmental course(s) of lifetime cigarette use and panic attack comorbidity. Participants included 4,409 adults, ages 15 to 54 years of age (MAge = 33.1, SD = 10.7, N (females) = 2,221) from the National Comorbidity Survey (NCS). The primary objective of the present investigation was to better understand the developmental course(s) of lifetime cigarette use and panic attacks. A second objective of the investigation was to evaluate the developmental features of smokingpanic comorbidity in relation to other comorbid psychiatric and substance outcomes. Results demonstrated two distinct and novel operative developmental patterns of smoking-panic attack co-occurrence. The theoretical and clinical implications of delineating course-related factors underlying smokingpanic attack comorbidity are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-135
Number of pages19
JournalBehavior Modification
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Age of onset
  • Developmental course
  • Panic attacks
  • Smoking
  • Tobacco

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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