Development of vocal communication in children with autism spectrum disorder during improvisational music therapy

Maayan Salomon-Gimmon, Cochavit Elefant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This preliminary study examined vocal communication in children with autism spectrum disorder during improvisational music therapy. It investigated trends and patterns of vocal development, and identified and categorized vocal interventions during music therapy sessions. The research is based on rigorous‎ video microanalysis of 4 cases of children who received music therapy over the course of 5 months. One session per month was analyzed for each case, yielding data from a total of 20 sessions. The cases and sessions were selected based on a purposeful sample strategy, so as to choose materials with apparent vocal expressions that are likely to illuminate the focus of the investigation. ‎The findings revealed that, in most cases, vocal communication developed over the course of the music therapy sessions and that this development is not linear, but rather is characterized by complex development patterns. In addition, 16 key vocal interventions used by the music therapists throughout the treatments were categorized.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-192
Number of pages19
JournalNordic Journal of Music Therapy
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 27 May 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Ben Ze’ev scholarship, University of Haifa, Israel and the Research Council of Norway [213844].

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Ben Ze?ev scholarship, University of Haifa,?? ?Israel? and the Research Council of Norway [?213844?]. The participants of this study were recruited for the large RCT study TIME-A (ISRCTN78923965). We would like to thank the participants and collaborators: Christian Gold, Karin Moessler, and Lucja Bieleninik.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018, © 2018 GAMUT–The Grieg Academy Music Therapy Research Centre.

Keywords

  • Autism spectrum disorders
  • improvisational music therapy
  • vocal communication
  • vocal interventions
  • vocalization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatric Mental Health
  • Anthropology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Complementary and alternative medicine

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