Development of classification algorithms for the detection of postures using non-marker-based motion capture systems

Tatiana Klishkovskaia, Andrey Aksenov, Aleksandr Sinitca, Anna Zamansky, Oleg A. Markelov, Dmitry Kaplun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The rapid development of algorithms for skeletal postural detection with relatively inexpensive contactless systems and cameras opens up the possibility of monitoring and assessing the health and wellbeing of humans. However, the evaluation and confirmation of posture classifications are still needed. The purpose of this study was therefore to develop a simple algorithm for the automatic classification of human posture detection. The most affordable solution for this project was through using a Kinect V2, enabling the identification of 25 joints, so as to record movements and postures for data analysis. A total of 10 subjects volunteered for this study. Three algorithms were developed for the classification of different postures in Matlab. These were based on a total error of vector lengths, a total error of angles, multiplication of these two parameters and the simultaneous analysis of the first and second parameters. A base of 13 exercises was then created to test the recognition of postures by the algorithm and analyze subject performance. The best results for posture classification were shown by the second algorithm, with an accuracy of 94.9%. The average degree of correctness of the exercises among the 10 participants was 94.2% (SD1.8%). It was shown that the proposed algorithms provide the same accuracy as that obtained from machine learning-based algorithms and algorithms with neural networks, but have less computational complexity and do not need resources for training. The algorithms developed and evaluated in this study have demonstrated a reasonable level of accuracy, and could potentially form the basis for developing a low-cost system for the remote monitoring of humans.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4028
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 by the authors.


  • Exercise classification
  • Motion capture
  • Posture classification
  • Skeleton detection
  • Virtual rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Instrumentation
  • General Engineering
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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