Development and validation of a workplace age-friendliness measure

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background and Objectives: Measuring the extent to which the culture of organizations can be considered age-friendly is a significant anchor in the constructive inclusion process of older workers in workplaces, given the consistent aging of the workforce. Hence, the purpose of this research was to develop a novel, comprehensive, and theoretically driven measure of workplace age-friendliness. Research Design and Methods: Three multiphased, multisourced studies were conducted: a qualitative assessment procedure and 2 separate quantitative field surveys of individual-level perceptions. Results: A 24-item scale of workplace age-friendliness was developed, consisting of 4 dimensions that represent the different ways in which organizational culture aligns with an aging and older workforce: age-friendly core culture, development, wellness, and flexibility. Confirmatory factor analysis verified that a 4-factor structure is the most appropriate solution, with all dimensions having acceptable internal consistency. Preliminary evidence of construct validity is also presented. Discussion and Implications: The measure developed in this study may serve researchers as well as practitioners in the field of aging and work. Further implications and limitations of using this instrument in future empirical study on workplace age-friendliness are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalInnovation in Aging
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The Author(s) 2020.


  • Aging workforce
  • Older workers
  • Organizational culture
  • Scale development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies
  • Health Professions (miscellaneous)


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