Determinants of students' perceptions of war threats

Shaul Kimhi, Yohanan Eshel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This study focuses on Israeli students' perception of two war threats: the Iranian and the Hezbollah war hazards. We examined potential determinants of these two perceived threats: individual and public resilience, sense of personal danger, subjective well-being, and denial tendency. We examined further associations between these perceived threats and biographical characteristics: gender, family income, exposure to negative events and political attitudes. 282 undergraduate students rated in this study various sources of security threats endangering Israel, as well as potential antecedents of these perceived threats. Students were chosen as participants since they often constitute a social element revealing sensitivity and involvement in major issues facing their society. Results indicated that students rated the Iranian hazard as less threatening than the Hezbollah hazard. Exposure to negative events, political attitudes, public resilience and sense of personal danger significantly predicted the level of danger assigned to the Iranian threat. Gender, political attitudes and sense of personal danger significantly predicted the perceived danger of the Hezbollah threat. Low but significant correlation linked denial tendencies with perceived Iranian threat, but not with Hezbollah threat.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationStudent Attitudes
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Number of pages17
ISBN (Print)9781614704744
StatePublished - 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Social Sciences


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