Determinants of Congregational Attendees’ Psychological Outcomes

Yael Itzhaki, Ram A. Cnaan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Congregational membership is known to enhance physical and mental health, as well as providing psychological outcomes (subjective well-being and loneliness). However, it is not clear whether these outcomes can be attributed to social resources or personal resources. The study was conducted in Israel among 260 active synagogue members between 18 and 88 years of age (mean = 32.91). Structural equation modeling suggested that personal resources were the strongest predictors of subjective well-being and loneliness, whereas social resources had lower predictive power. The article offers unique insights into the role of social and personal factors in congregation members’ subjective well-being and loneliness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1141-1159
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Religion and Health
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.


  • Congregational members
  • Loneliness
  • Sense of community
  • Societal conditional regard (SCR)
  • Subjective well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Religious studies
  • General Nursing


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