Detecting anatomical leg length discrepancy using the Plug-in-Gait model

Sam Khamis, Barry Danino, Shmuel Springer, Dror Ovadia, Eli Carmeli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Leg length discrepancy (LLD) is a significant factor influencing several pathological conditions. Gait analysis is based on biomechanical gait models calculating joint kinematics; however, no previous study has validated its ability to detect anatomical LLD. The aim of the present study was to compare the validity of the Vicon® Plug-in-Gait-model (PGM) in measuring femur and tibia segmental length discrepancy with measurements attained by X-ray. Fifteen participants with suspected leg length discrepancies underwent a lower limb X-ray and a standing calibration trial using a motion analysis system (Vicon®, Oxford Metrics, UK). Femur and tibia segment lengths were deducted from both measurements. No differences were found when measuring the discrepancies between sides for the femur (p = 0.3) and tibia (p = 0.45) segmental length. A high correlation was found between methods (r = 0.808-0.962, p < 0.001), however, a significant difference was observed when measuring the femur and tibia length (p < 0.0001). PGM was found to be a valid model in detecting segmental length discrepancy when based on the location of the joint centers compared to X-ray. A variance was noted in the femur and tibial segmental length. The impact of this inconsistency in segmental length on kinematics and kinetics should be further evaluated.

Original languageEnglish
Article number926
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number9
StatePublished - 8 Sep 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 by the authors.


  • Gait model
  • Joint center
  • Plug-in-Gait
  • Segmental length

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Instrumentation
  • General Engineering
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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