Demographic factors influencing educational placement of the hearing-impaired child with a cochlear implant

Noam Yehudai, Naama Tzach, Talma Shpak, Tova Most, Michal Luntz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To analyze educational placement settings of Israeli children with cochlear implants (CIs) and evaluate the prognostic influence of the following demographic variables on mainstreaming: age at implantation, experience with CI, socioeconomic status, ethnicity, and parents' educational level. Study Design: Retrospective review. Setting: Tertiary referral center. Participants: The study population comprised 245 children with severe-to-profound hearing impairment and at least 1 year of experience with a unilateral CI. Mean age at implantation was 4.5 ± 3.9 years, and mean duration of CI use was 5.4 ± 2.8 years. Intervention: Follow-up review and statistical analysis of available data on educational placement after cochlear implantation. Main Outcome Measure: Placement in mainstream education. Results: Regular schools were attended by 89 children (36.3%) and special education schools by 156 (63.7%). Variables found to be significantly associated with mainstream educational placement were younger age at implantation, higher level of parental education, higher socioeconomic status, and ethnicity. Multivariate analysis using a logistic regression model revealed that the factor with the highest positive correlation with mainstreaming was parental education level. Conclusion: Our results show that parental education, a variable that the health system cannot control, significantly influences postimplantation results in term of educational placement and can thus limit the chances of implanted children to achieve mainstream placement even when identified and implanted at an early age.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)943-947
Number of pages5
JournalOtology and Neurotology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Aug 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Cochlear implantation
  • Educational placement
  • Parental education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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