Demographic and Environmental Influences on the Diffusion of Changes Among Israeli Kibbutzim, 1990-2001

Raymond Russell, Robert Hanneman, Shlomo Getz

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This study examines the diffusion of 34 innovations among Israel's 240 nonreligious kibbutzim from 1990 through 2001. The changes involve transfers of the authority of the general assembly to independent boards of directors and specialized committees or experts, privatization of consumption, and increasing inequality in compensation. We track year-to-year transitions among six relationships toward each innovation: not considering, rejected, discussing, decided to adopt, implementing, and using. Single-year transitions from "not considering" to "using" are relatively rare. Most innovations go through periods of discussion or implementation before being adopted. Innovations face substantial risks of being rejected at every stage. At each stage, acceptance of innovations by other organizations increases the likelihood of acceptance, implementation, and retention. The effects of organizational size and age on innovations are not what classic theories of the "degeneration" of democratic workplaces predict. Recent changes in the kibbutzim appear instead to be an institutionalized response to market shocks.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWorker Participation
Subtitle of host publicationCurrent Research and Future Trends
EditorsVicki Smith
Number of pages29
StatePublished - 2006

Publication series

NameResearch in the Sociology of Work
ISSN (Print)0277-2833

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science


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