Deep genotyping of the gene GmSNAP facilitates pyramiding resistance to cyst nematode in soybean

Yu Tian, Bo Liu, Xuehui Shi, Jochen C. Reif, Rongxia Guan, Ying hui Li, Li juan Qiu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Soybean cyst nematode (SCN) is a highly destructive pathogen. The soybean host genome harbors at least two major genes for resistance (rhg1 and Rhg4), as well as a minor locus (SCN3-11). In the present study, a splicing site in GmSNAP11, the potential causal gene of SCN3-11, was identified by comparison of the GmSNAP11 cDNA sequences generated from resistant and susceptible soybean accessions. The sequence information was used to design a codominant CAPS marker, GmSNAP11-2565, which was used to genotype a panel of 209 soybean accessions varying with respect to SCN resistance. Analyses of the effect of the haplotypes formed by GmSNAP11-2565 and another large-effect (nonsynonymous) locus, GmSNAP11-2307, previously identified in GmSNAP11, revealed linkage disequilibrium (P < 0.0001) between the two loci, suggesting that GmSNAP11-2565 could be used as a marker for GmSNAP11. GmSNAP11-2565 was accordingly used, along with established markers for GmSNAP18 (rhg1) and GmSHMT (Rhg4), to characterize the panel accessions. The mean SCN female index of accessions carrying only the GmSNAP11 allele associated with resistance (20.3%) was higher than that associated with accessions carrying alleles for resistance at both GmSNAP11 and GmSNAP18 (12.4%), while the index for accessions carrying alleles for resistance at all of GmSNAP11, GmSNAP18, and GmSHMT was very low (1.9%). Selection on all three markers was effective for maintaining a high level of resistance to SCN race 3.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)677-684
Number of pages8
JournalCrop Journal
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019


  • Allelic combination
  • Haplotype analysis
  • Marker-assisted selection (MAS)
  • SCN
  • α-SNAP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science


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