Background Despite a proven association between the implementation of prevention guidelines for central line associated blood stream infections (CLABSI) and reduction in CLABSI rates, in practice there is poor adherence. Furthermore, current guidelines fail to address the multiple process on the care continuum. This research is based on the bottom-up "Positive Deviance" (PD) approach, through which multiple creative and safer solutions for central line (CL) insertion were identified that were not previously described in the guidelines. The aim of the study was to deconstruct CLABSI prevention guidelines ("during insertion" process only) through the PD approach, working with physicians to identify additional actions that, in practice, help maintain a sterile environment and contribute to patient safety. Methods and findings Our study included a qualitative ethnographic study involving 76 physicians, working in a division of internal medicine and two intensive care units (ICUs). We triangulated findings from a combination of data-collection methods: semi-structured interviews, focused observations, video documentation, Discovery & Action Dialogue (DAD), and simulations. Deconstruction analysis was performed. A total of 23 creative extensions and variations of CL insertion practices were identified. Conclusions The PD approach enables the identification of vital nuggets of hidden wisdom missing from the formal explicit CLABSI guidelines, and therefore helps bridge the gap between theory and praxis. During the guideline’s deconstruction process, through collaborative staff learning, the written procedure is transformed into a living, breathing and cooperative one. It can reduce hospital stays and save lives, and therefore needs careful attention of healthcare scholars and practitioners.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by grant number 2016\134\ from the Israel National Institute for Health Policy Research to AGE. The funder had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. The authors would like to thank Adva Mir Halavi, Prof. Peter Vernon van Heerden, Dr. Sigal Sviri, Dr. Uriel Trahtemberg, Dr. Akiva Nahshon, Dr. Alexsi Vachadze, Dr. Efrat Orenbuch-Harroch, Prof. Lior Lowenstein, Dr. Dan Shteinberg, Dr. Asher Salmon, Dr. Khitam Hussein, Dvora Kirshenbom, Gilat Yhye and Aviva Simhon who have participated in this study and the Israel National Institute for Health Policy Research for funding the research.
© 2019 Cohen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences (all)