The article analyzes the failure of the U.S. intelligence community to foresee the Egyptian-Syrian surprise attack on Israel in 6 October 1973. The paper deconstructs the various elements of the American failure and explores the reasons that led to it. The paper shows that at the heart of the flawed American assessment was a paradigm formulated by U.S. intelligence analysts, one that was influenced by Israeli intelligence analysts. With this conclusion, the paper suggests that alongside the numerous advantages of intelligence liaison between states, the practice can also lead them to make grave errors.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2020, © 2020 Journal of Intelligence History.
- Israel defense force
- United States
- central Intelligence Agency
- directorate of Military Intelligence
- intelligence failure
- strategic surprise
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Political Science and International Relations