Daily Functional Characteristics and Health Among Older Adults During COVID-19: A Structural Equation Modeling Approach

Sara Rosenblum, Ortal Cohen Elimelech

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Within a few years, 1 in 6 people will be aged 60 years or older. Extreme situations, such as the COVID-19 crisis, constitute a challenge to older adults. However, the literature on the daily functional characteristics of older adults in the past and during the COVID-19 crisis and their relationships to their physical and mental health is scarce. This study aimed to examine the past and present daily functional factors associated with physical and mental health in older adults. Using an online platform, 204 Israelis aged 60 years and older reported their physical health symptoms and anxiety levels. They completed questionnaires about past (negative life events and childhood daily functional self-actualization) and present (adulthood daily functional self-actualization, functional cognition and sleep quality) factors. Structural equation modeling revealed correlations between functional cognition and childhood daily functional self-actualization (β = −.18) and anxiety (β =.15); adulthood daily functional self-actualization and past negative life events (β = −.18), anxiety (β = −.50), and physical symptoms (β = −16); and sleep quality and past childhood daily functional self-actualization (β = −.19), negative life events (β =.22), anxiety (β =.18), and physical symptoms (β =.40). These findings shed light on potential functional factors for older adults’ health, indicating that these functional factors play a vital role in reducing health problems in later life.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInquiry (United States)
Volume61
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2024.

Keywords

  • anxiety
  • COVID-19
  • daily function
  • mental health
  • older adults
  • physical health
  • structural equation model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy

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