Culture, Emotion Regulation, and Adjustment

37 Members of the Multinational Study of Cultural Display Rules

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article reports differences across 23 countries on 2 processes of emotion regulation--reappraisal and suppression. Cultural dimensions were correlated with country means on both and the relationship between them. Cultures that emphasized the maintenance of social order--that is, those that were long-term oriented and valued embeddedness and hierarchy--tended to have higher scores on suppression, and reappraisal and suppression tended to be positively correlated. In contrast, cultures that minimized the maintenance of social order and valued individual Affective Autonomy and Egalitarianism tended to have lower scores on Suppression, and Reappraisal and Suppression tended to be negatively correlated. Moreover, country-level emotion regulation was significantly correlated with country-level indices of both positive and negative adjustment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)925-937
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2008


  • adjustment
  • culture
  • emotion regulation
  • reappraisal
  • suppression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science


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