Cultural Values and Volunteering: A Cross-cultural Comparison of Students' Motivation to Volunteer in 13 Countries

Henrietta Grönlund, Kirsten Holmes, Chulhee Kang, Ram A. Cnaan, Femida Handy, Jeffrey L. Brudney, Debbie Haski-Leventhal, Lesley Hustinx, Meenaz Kassam, Lucas C.P.M. Meijs, Anne Birgitta Pessi, Bhangyashree Ranade, Karen A. Smith, Naoto Yamauchi, Siniša Zrinščak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Voluntary participation is connected to cultural, political, religious and social contexts. Social and societal factors can provide opportunities, expectations and requirements for voluntary activity, as well as influence the values and norms promoting this. These contexts are especially central in the case of voluntary participation among students as they are often responding to the societal demands for building a career and qualifying for future assignments and/or government requirements for completing community service. This article questions how cultural values affect attitudes towards volunteerism, using data from an empirical research project on student volunteering activity in 13 countries in North America, Europe, the Middle East, and the Asia Pacific region. The findings indicate that there are differences in motivation between countries which represent different cultural values. This article sets these findings in context by comparing structural and cultural factors which may influence volunteerism within each country.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-106
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Academic Ethics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Cross-cultural comparisons
  • Cultural values
  • Students
  • Volunteer motivation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Philosophy


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