Measuring and forecasting changes in coastal and deep-water ecosystems and climates requires sustained long-term measurements from marine observation systems. One of the key considerations in analyzing data from marine observatories is quality assurance (QA). The data acquired by these infrastructures accumulates into Giga and Terabytes per year, necessitating an accurate automatic identification of false samples. A particular challenge in the QA of oceanographic datasets is the avoidance of disqualification of data samples that, while appearing as outliers, actually represent real short-term phenomena, that are of importance. In this paper, we present a novel cross-sensor QA approach that validates the disqualification decision of a data sample from an examined dataset by comparing it to samples from related datasets. This group of related datasets is chosen so as to reflect upon the same oceanographic phenomena that enable some prediction of the examined dataset. In our approach, a disqualification is validated if the detected anomaly is present only in the examined dataset, but not in its related datasets. Results for a surface water temperature dataset recorded by our Texas A&M—Haifa Eastern Mediterranean Marine Observatory (THEMO)—over a period of 7 months, show an improved trade-off between accurate and false disqualification rates when compared to two standard benchmark schemes.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding: This research was funded by the Israel and Portugal Ministries of Science grants number 3-16525 and PT-IL/0002/2019.
© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
- Change detector
- Data validation
- Ocean observatories
- Ocean remote sensing
- Prediction of data
- Quality assurance
- Quality control
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Earth and Planetary Sciences (all)