Cross-national presence and sociodemographic correlates of the suicide crisis syndrome

Megan L. Rogers, Lauren McMullen, Yinan Liang, Nazareth Perez, Jenelle A. Richards, Gizem Akülker, Shira Barzilay, Rabia Bilici, Yarden Blum, Ksenia Chistopolskaya, Manuela Dudeck, M. Ishrat Husain, Oskar Kuśmirek, Jhoanne M. Luiz, Vikas Menon, Barbara Pilecka, Veronika Sadovnichaya, Larissa Titze, Samira S. Valvassori, Sungeun YouIgor Galynker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The Suicide Crisis Syndrome (SCS) has been proposed as an acute, pre-suicidal mental state that precedes imminent suicidal behavior; however, its cross-national applicability and sociodemographic correlates have not yet been determined. The present study assessed the presence and severity of the SCS in ten countries and examined several potential sociodemographic correlates (i.e., age, gender, marital status, race/ethnicity) of the SCS. Methods: 5528 community-based adults across 10 participating countries provided information on their SCS symptoms and sociodemographic characteristics in an anonymous online survey obtained via convenience sampling during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic. Results: The SCS occurred cross-nationally, with rates ranging from 3.6% (Israel) to 16.2% (Poland). Those in the United States, South Korea, Poland, and Turkey had the highest severity of symptoms. Participants who were older, identified as cisgender men, and married tended to have lower rates of the SCS than their respective counterparts. There were minimal differences in the SCS by race/ethnicity. Limitations: These data were both cross-sectional and collected via convenience sampling, limiting generalizability of findings and information about the SCS's predictive utility. Conclusions: These findings support the cross-national presence of the SCS during the COVID-19 pandemic. Sociodemographic correlates aligned with those of suicidal behavior more generally, providing additional evidence for the concurrent/predictive validity of the SCS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Volume329
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 May 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Cross-national
  • Sociodemographic characteristics
  • Suicide
  • Suicide crisis syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Cross-national presence and sociodemographic correlates of the suicide crisis syndrome'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this