Creation and Modality

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Ryan Mullins argues that, assuming Hassidic Idealism, God is forced to create all possible worlds (either as a single all-inclusive multiverse, or as an exhaustive array of discrete possible worlds, no one of which is more inherently actual than the other). This process, because unfree, doesn't amount to creation so much as emanation. I argue that there are numerous ways to reconcile Hassidic Idealism with a robust doctrine of a free Divine creation ex nihilo. We must distinguish between a God who thinks a world into being, and One who, as in the book of Genesis, speaks it into being.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-59
Number of pages15
JournalPhilosophia Christi
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Evangelical Philosophical Society. All rights reserved.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Religious studies
  • Philosophy


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