Contextual and personal predictors of adaptive outcomes under terror attack: The case of Israeli adolescents

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    This paper explores individual differences in perceptions of political violence, strategies for coping with violence, and adaptive outcomes. Data on political violence stress, personal variables, coping strategies, and stress reactions were gathered on a sample of 227 Israeli adolescents in Haifa and Northern Israel confronted with a prolonged period of terror attack in the course of the Al-Aqsa Intifada. Political violence stress and trait anxiety were shown to be meaningful predictors of both coping strategies and adaptive outcomes. Although adolescents reported employing more avoidance coping, on average, than other coping modes, it was primarily the use of emotion-focused coping efforts that predicted stress reactions. The observation that problem-focused coping did not meaningfully alleviate stress reactions may have been a function of the uncontrollable nature and severity of the community stressor. The data were discussed and explicated in the context of stress and coping theory and research.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)459-470
    Number of pages12
    JournalJournal of Youth and Adolescence
    Issue number5
    StatePublished - Oct 2005


    • Adolescent stress
    • Anxiety
    • Community disasters
    • Coping
    • Political violence
    • Terror
    • Traumatic stress

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Social Psychology
    • Education
    • Developmental and Educational Psychology
    • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


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