Background: Cognitive abilities are essential for children's development and independence. Various cognitive assessments, standardized in Western cultures, have yet to be investigated for their multicultural suitability. Aims: To explore the suitability of the Loewenstein Occupational Therapy Cognitive Assessment (LOTCA) for a Jordanian population. Methods: Observed cases of 442 Jordanian children aged 6-12 were used to perform exploratory factor analyses using principal components with Varimax rotation (construct validity evidence) and to compute Cronbach's α coefficient (internal consistency reliability). Results: High total performance on four subscales and a slightly lower total performance on two subscales were observed. Observed performance increased with age on three subtests, whereas a more modest increase was observed on the other three subscales. The expected one-factorial solution confirming the LOTCA's subscales homogeneity (unidimensionality) structure was found on five of six subscales. Variance explained by the subscales ranged from 39 to 82% and internal consistency reliability measured by Cronbach's alpha ranged from.42 to.78. Conclusions: Satisfactory construct validity and internal consistency reliability were demonstrated on two subscales applicable to Jordanian children without adaptation. With adequate cross-cultural adaptation, increasing internal consistency reliability in other subscales could make the LOTCA an effective tool for assessing cognitive abilities in this population.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was funded by Deanship of Research at Jordan University of Science and Technology (Grant # 20120151)/Irbid/Jordan. This institution provided funding for the process of data collection, entry and analysis.
This study was approved and funded by Deanship of Research at Jordan University of Science and Technology (Grant # 20120151) and Institutional Review Board of King Abdullah University Hospital/Irbid/Jordan.
© 2018 The Author(s).
- Cognitive evaluation
- Cognitive performance
- Loewenstein occupational therapy cognitive assessment (LOTCA)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatry and Mental health