Concurrent validity and reliability of a new balance scale used in older adults

Oz Zur, Tamar Shaki, Eli Carmeli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Adults over the age of 70 are at risk of falling. Various balance tests have been developed to identify balance dysfunctions. Their disadvantages including ceiling effects and low sensitivity and duration led to the development of a new balance test. The present study was conducted to determine the concurrent validity, reliability, sensitivity, and specificity of the Zur Balance Scale (ZBS). In this descriptive, cross-sectional study, 76 senior adults were recruited from an independent senior living community and were administered the Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and the ZBS. The BBS was used as the standard of comparison. The ZBS includes head movements and time to maintain to balance. All the subjects completed the tests. Concurrent validity was r = 0.782 (p < 0.0001). The ZBS had high intra-test (0.897) and inter-test (0.934) correlation coefficients. Its sensitivity was 60 % and specificity 91 % for identifying falls. The dynamic portions of the ZBS capture the integration of the visual, vestibular, and somatosensory systems, as it mimics dynamic spatial aspects of daily activities. We conclude that the ZBS is reliable compared with BBS. It is a simple, easy to administer test that may predict future risk of falls.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-70
Number of pages8
JournalAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Volume910
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was not supported by external funding. The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

Publisher Copyright:
© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015.

Keywords

  • Balance
  • Balance testing
  • Reliability
  • Validity
  • Vestibular

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (all)

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