Computational and noncomputational systems in brain and cognition: Can one mask the other?

Gerry Leisman, Moshe Kaspi, Paul Koch

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


A theory is developed based on the premise that nonneural processes occur in the brain exemplified as spatial working memory, and is the seat of consciousness. Additionally, wave storage of spatial information, a Bose condensate to support the waves, and the location of wave storage are provided as illustrative, "existence proofs" that a coherent theory can be built along these lines in agreement with the data. The theory can be built argues on functional grounds that a nonneural spatial memory may serve a vital biological function. This article demonstrate how this same non-neural memory can bridge the explanatory gap to consciousness, in agreement with the facts. The article proposes a possible mechanism and location for the nonneural component.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)681-710
Number of pages30
JournalInternational Journal of Neuroscience
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2007

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Received 11 February 2006. This work was supported by a grant-in-aid from the Israel Ministry of Science and from the Foundation for Cognitive Neuroscience to the first (GL) and second (MK) authors. Address correspondence to Gerry Leisman, M.D., Ph.D., The F.R. Carrick Institute (C.E.R.A.N.), 1700 Union Blvd., Bay Shore, NY 11706, USA. E-mail:


  • Awareness
  • Bose condensate
  • Cognition
  • Computation
  • Consciousness
  • Continuum theory
  • Retrieval
  • Storage
  • Wave growth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience


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