Commutation relations, normal ordering, and stirling numbers

Toufik Mansour, Matthias Schork

Research output: Book/ReportBookpeer-review


Commutation Relations, Normal Ordering, and Stirling Numbers provides an introduction to the combinatorial aspects of normal ordering in the Weyl algebra and some of its close relatives. The Weyl algebra is the algebra generated by two letters U and V subject to the commutation relation UV - VU = I. It is a classical result that normal ordering powers of VU involve the Stirling numbers. The book is a one-stop reference on the research activities and known results of normal ordering and Stirling numbers. It discusses the Stirling numbers, closely related generalizations, and their role as normal ordering coefficients in the Weyl algebra. The book also considers several relatives of this algebra, all of which are special cases of the algebra in which UV - qVU = hVs holds true. The authors describe combinatorial aspects of these algebras and the normal ordering process in them. In particular, they define associated generalized Stirling numbers as normal ordering coefficients in analogy to the classical Stirling numbers. In addition to the combinatorial aspects, the book presents the relation to operational calculus, describes the physical motivation for ordering words in the Weyl algebra arising from quantum theory, and covers some physical applications.

Original languageEnglish
PublisherCRC Press
Number of pages481
ISBN (Electronic)9781466579897
ISBN (Print)9781466579880
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Mathematics
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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