Random samples of 358 Jews and 162 Arabs in Israel aged 50 to 75 were compared by telephone survey for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening performance and intentions. Participants completed questionnaires on CRC screening, health beliefs, health locus of control, and CRC worries; rate of CRC screening and intention to be screened proved lower among Arabs. They received fewer recommendations from physicians, perceived lower severity of CRC and lower benefits of early detection of CRC, and had lower cancer worries, lower internal health locus of control, and higher external health locus of control. Jewish/Arab ethnicity predicted ever undergoing screening and screening intention before cognitive perceptions and worries were entered. After that, perceiving higher susceptibility and more benefits to screening, and having lower external health locus of control predicted CRC screening and screening intention, which was associated with higher cancer worries. Programs should be tailored to address ethnic groups' different health beliefs.
- Cancer worries
- Colorectal cancer screening
- Health beliefs
- Health locus of control
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)