Cloning and characterisation of the gene encoding mole rat (Spalax ehrenbergi) growth hormone

A. Lioupis, E. Nevo, M. Wallis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In mammals the structure of pituitary GH is generally strongly conserved, reflecting a slow basal rate of molecular evolution. However, on a few occasions the rate has increased - markedly during the evolution of primates and artiodactyls, and to a small extent during the evolution of rodents and rabbit - giving rise to marked differences between GH sequences of these species. In order to extend knowledge of rodent GHs we have cloned and characterised part of the GH gene of the Eurasian mole rat (Spalax ehrenbergi) using genomic DNA and a PCR technique. The sequence of all of the coding region and 5' untranslated region (UTR), most of the 3' UTR and part of the promoter region is described. The overall organisation of the mole rat GH gene is similar to that of GH genes from other mammals. The proximal Pit- 1 sequence in the gene promoter differs somewhat from that of rat or mouse. The deduced sequence for the mature GH from mole rat differs from that of pig GH (thought to be identical to the ancestral placental mammal GH sequence) at 7 residues and from rat, mouse and hamster GHs at 9 to 12 residues. Only one or two of these substitutions involve residues close to the receptor-binding sites of the hormone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-36
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Molecular Endocrinology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Molecular Biology


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