Civicness Drain

Moti Michaeli, Marco Casari, Andrea Ichino, Maria De Paola, Ginevra Marandola, Vincenzo Scoppa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Migration may cause, not only a brain drain, but also a 'civicness' drain, leading to a poverty trap. Using migration choices of southern Italian high-school students classified as civic if not cheating in a modified die-roll experiment, we uncover a key role of local civicness (average civicness in the class): A civicness drain is observed only at high and low local civicness. We rationalise this pattern with a model in which civic and uncivic types balance hope versus fear of migration outcomes, taking into account economic gains, risk preferences and their beliefs about being considered civic in the place of destination.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)323-354
Number of pages32
JournalEconomic Journal
Issue number649
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Royal Economic Society.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics


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